Dr. Ty Roach
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
46-007 Lilipuna Rd
Kaneohe, HI 96744
Phone: 808-854-4057
Fax: 808-236-7443
Research Interests  

I am interested in all things science, but to be a little more specific, I am interested in the ways in which bacteria and viruses affect biogeochemical cycling, energy flow and community structuring in coral reef ecosystems. I also have research interests in theoretical physics, including the application of finite time thermodynamics to biological processes and the calculation of entropy in open, non-equilibrium systems. All in all, my research aims to employ a systems ecology approach, combining theory and mathematical modeling with laboratory experiments and field observations, to better understand coral reef ecosystems at scales ranging from molecules to island chains and from microbes to sharks.
Valedictorian 2009 North Carolina State University
Majors: Biology (BS) Botany (BS) Chemistry (BA); Minors: genetics; GPA: 4.0

Ph.D. 2018 Joint Doctoral Program in Cell and Molecular Biology at San Diego State University and University of California San Diego; GPA: 4.0

Fellowships, Scholarships & Awards

NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
Inamori Fellowship
Peter Salamon Young Scientist Award
Elliot Family Scholarship
James and Mary Crouch Memorial Scholarship
Laurel Amtower Scholarship
Joint Doctoral Program Travel Grant
Aspen Center for Physics Travel Grant
NCAA wrestling scholarship
NCAA academic All-American
Magna cum laude International Latin Exam
National Dean’s list 2004-2009
Buddy Pelletier Surfing Foundation Scholarship
Balanced Man Scholarship
Phi Betta Kappa Honors Scholarship
Roach TNF, Rohwer F, Salamon P, Nulton J, Sibani P. 2019. Emergent Structuring in a Stochastic Model of Ecological Evolution. Ecological Modelling.

Roach TNF, Salamon P, Nulton J, Andresen B, Felts B, Haas A, Calhoun S, Robinett N, Rohwer F. 2018. Application of Finite-time and Control Thermodynamics to Biological Processes Across Multiple Scales. Journal of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics. (invited review)

Salamon P, Roach TNF, and Rohwer. 2018. Dissipation in a Sequence of Relaxations. Biophysical Journal.

Roach TNF, Abieri ML, George E, Knowles B, Naliboff DS, Swurthwaite C, Wegley Kelly L, Haas A, Rohwer F. 2017. Microbial Bioenergetics of Coral-Algal Interactions. PeerJ.

Roach TNF, Nulton J, Sibani P, Rohwer F, Salamon P. 2017. Entropy in the Tangled Nature Model of Evolution. Entropy: Special issue on entropy in landscape ecology.

Salamon P, Roach TNF, and Rohwer F. 2017. The Ladder Theorem. Proceedings of the Joint European Thermodynamics Conference.

Has A, Fairoz M, Wegley Kelly L, Nelson C, Dinsdale E, Edwards R, Giles S, Hatay M, Hisakawa N, Knowles B, Lim YW, Maughan H, Pantos O, Roach TNF, Sanchez S, Silveria S, Sandin S, Smith J, Rohwer F. 2016. Global microbialization of coral reefs. Nature Microbiology. (Cover story)
Erdős number: 2   


Invited talks:

University of New South Wales, Sydney Australia, Inaugural Speaker for the Center for Marine Science Innovation Seminar Series (Using Molecular Tools to Develop and Test Novel Coral Reef Restoration Strategies)

ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Zurich Switzerland, SIAM seminar series (Multi-Scale Microbial Bioenergetics and Ecosystem Phase Shifts on Coral Reefs: From Micro-Scale Scale Dynamics to Global Change).

San Diego State University, San Diego CA, guest lecturer, (Microbial Diversity).

Center for Microbial Oceanography Research and Education (CMORE), University of Hawaii at Manoa (Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, microbial bioenergetics, and community ecology).

Talks at scientific meetings:

Assisted Evolution Symposium. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville, Australia. (Testing Microbial Reef Restoration Strategies in the Biosphere 2 Ocean)

Energy Landscapes: Structure, Dynamics, and Exploration Algorithms. The Telluride Science Center. Telluride, Colorado. Oral presentation (Use of Metagenomes and Metabolomic Networks to Generate Multi-scale Energy Landscapes in Coral Reef Ecosystems).

Optimization of Thermodynamic Systems. The Telluride Science Center. Telluride, Colorado. Oral presentation (The Ladder Theorem).

Microbial Oceanography- Complexity vs Simplicity in Microbial Ecology. Hjort Summer School Series. Bergen Norway. (Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Microbial Bioenergetics, and Coral-Algal Interactions).

International Society of Microbial Ecologists 2016, Montreal, Canada, oral presentation (Microbially Mediated Bioenergetics of Competitive Benthic Interactions).

Elands conference, Centre IGESA, Porquerolles, France, oral presentation (Evolution: a Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Perspective).

International Coral Reef Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, oral presentation (The Power of Microbes: Microbial Bioenergetics of Coral-Algal Interactions).

Populations, Evolution, and Physics conference, Aspen Center for Physics, Aspen Colorado, oral presentation (Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and microbial bioenergetics).

Student Research Symposium, San Diego State University, San Diego California, oral presentation (Microbial Bioenergetics of Coral-Algal Interactions). 

Energy Landscapes Conference, The Telluride Science Research Center, Telluride Colorado, oral presentation (Entropy, Order, and the Tangled Nature Model).


Year of the Phage Conference. San Diego State University, San Diego California, poster presentation, (History of Phage Research).

Graduate Student Symposium, San Diego State University, San Diego California, poster presentation (Microbial Community Metabolism in Coral-Algal Interactions).

San Diego Microbiology Symposium, University of California San Diego, San Diego California, poster presentation (The Role of Microbial Metabolism in Coral Reef Phase Shifts)
Southern California Theoretical Chemistry Conference 2.0, University of California Irvine, Irvine California, (Topological Entropy in Chemical Networks).

Science rap
Ocean Discovery Institute STEM Speaker
Fleet Science Center’s Two Scientist Walk into a Bar (#2scientists)
Greater San Diego Science and Engineering Fair judge
High Tech High School internship mentor 
Science History

Erika Santoro: 2018 – present: Erika is a PhD candidate in marine biology at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Milou Arts: 2017-2018 Milou is just finished her M.S. in Marine Biology and has accepted a PhD position at The Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Ricardo Rodriguez: 2017- 2018: Ricardo is currently a high school junior at High Tech High
Alex Pirolo: 2015-2017: Alex is currently working on his B.S. in general biology
Joel Huckeba 2015-July 2016: Joel is now employed by the Growth International Volunteer Excursion (GIVE) doing coral reef restoration
Jonathan Lyu 2013-2014: Jonathan is now enrolled in Midwestern University in a doctoral program for osteopathic medicine
Glenna Stomackin 2013-2014: Glenna is now a research technician at the Loma Linda VA Hospital
Malu Abieri 2012-2014: Malu has just finished her M.S. in Marine Biology in Brazil

Surfing, freestyle rapping, freestyle wrestling, kickboxing, gardening, napping